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Safety form earthquake

Earthquakes is instant, short very fast and violent and therefore very dangerous . It comes without warning. You must learn all about earthquake and plan well in advance in order to reduce severe and serious injuries and even loss of life.


BEFORE AN EARTHQUAKE

  • First ensure that your building is constructed properly and that there are no cracks. If so have them repaired.
  • Spot safe places in your house. e.g. under sturdy furniture.
  • Always have your provision stocks that is sufficient for at least five days so that it is available in case you are trapped inside due to an earth quake. Supplies of food and water, emergency lights, a first-aid kit, charged mobile phone should always be ready for use in emergencies.
  • The family members should attend a short term (one day) First Aid Course as getting medical assistance may not be possible after anearth quake occurs. Timely first aid may save lives.
  • In case family members are separated from one another during an earthquake have a plan for joining together after the earthquake. (One parent at office, another at home and a child at the school). Designate a friend or relative to serve as contact cum anchor person. Each of your family members should always keep the person’s address, mobile number etc. You can always serve as his family’s contact person.
  • Ensure that the fans and ceiling lights are properly fixed to the ceiling.
  • Have an emergency plan and carry out mock exercises along with the members of your family on what they should do when an earthquake occurs.
  • Fasten heavy furniture and objects like storage cabinets to the wall. Place the heaviest things on the lower parts of shelves.
  • You must keep a list of dos and don’ts and members should be thorough withv the list. They should remain calm and not panic. They should be familiar with the location of a main power switch, water regulator, gas controller etc and must be able to close them quickly.
  • Those who live near a sea shore should be familiar with the A to Z on Tsunami/ seismic sea waves warnings and safeguards to be taken.

DURING AN EARTHQUAKE

  • Remain calm. If you are not calm, you may not be able to think and act.
  • Stay inside until the tremors stop and it is considered safe to go outside.
  • Don’t move unless you think it is necessary for your safety.
  • Take cover under a sturdy desk or table, or stand in an interior doorway until the tremors stop. If they are not available crouch in an inside corner of the building. Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall, such as lighting fixtures or furniture.
  • If you are in your bed, cover your head with a pillow. If there is a heavy light fitting in the ceiling adjust yourself such that you are not directly beneath it.
  • If you are in the kitchen, forget not to turn off the stove before you move to hide,
  • Generally, the entrance will have a string roof. If it is so and it is nearby, go and stay there.
  • Never use the lift during an earthquake.
  • Outside home: If you are outside your home, stay away from the walls, trees and power lines.
  • In automobile: If you are in your car, stop immediately and stay in the vehicle if you think that the place is safe and there are no trees or power cables above the vehicle.. Never stop when you are on a bridge or driving inside the basement of a building and drive to a safe place
  • Start again only after the earthquake has stopped. Avoid roads and bridges which could have been damaged by the earthquake.
  • If trapped under debris: Do not move as movement may lead to more debris falling on you. Use a kerchief and cover your mouth and nose. Make noise by tapping a pipe or door so that the rescuers can locate you. You can shout but it may cause the breathing in of dust.

AFTER EARTHQUAKE

  • Repeating Earthquake: Once earthquake strikes it may come again. Be ready
  • Don’t go near areas where damages have occurred.
  • Check whether any family member is injured. Give first aid or take to hospital depending upon the condition.
  • Leave the house the moment it has stopped. Do not enter the house until a competent engineer checks and confirms that the house is safe.
  • Be careful when you open the shelves as things may fall on you and injure you.
  • Have a battery operated radio and listen to it to know the situation.
  • Help neighbours.
  • Arrange for a competent person to check the damages that could have occurred to the electrical system. Same thing applies with regard to the sewer and water supply systems.
  • Check whether there is a gas leak.

Do a brainstorming with other members of the family and get ideas from them. That will make them think and will ensure their involvement.


 
   
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